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After Raising Hopes, Naira Depreciates Against The Dollar By 5.8% In April – Business


Oko Etee

The Nigerian Naira closed the month of April in a steep decline, closing at N1,390.96/$1 in the NAFEM, where the exchange rate trades officially.

This rate represents a 5.8% depreciation from the month’s opening rate of N1,309.39 and a significant drop from its mid-month high of N1,072.74.

The naira rallied against the dollar in the first half of April as a slew of central bank policy actions appear to have stifled speculation.

But things turned worse after the IMF Spring meetings, falling every day since the apex bank addressed concerns over the external reserves.

Meanwhile, this also signifies the 8th consecutive depreciation since the Naira last appreciated to as high as N1,072/$1, following initial enthusiasm over the central bank’s forex policies.

On the parallel market, the unofficial rates quoted were slightly stronger, with Nairametrics gathering data showing a range of N1,350 to N1,380/$1.

Market Highlights
According to data from FMDQ, the exchange rate gained marginally on Tuesday April 30th, closing at N1,390.96/$1 compared to N1,419/$1 a day earlier.

The intra-day trading witnessed highs of N1,450 and lows of N1,200, showcasing extreme volatility.

Forex turnover today was significantly lower at $225.36 million, a sharp fall from the $309 million recorded last Friday.

For the month of April, total forex turnover in the official market was reported at $3.94 billion, a significant decrease from the $5 billion recorded in March.

This suggests that the official market has seen a substantial reduction in forex activity.

The external reserves, however, have continued their slow upward trend, now standing at $32.13 billion, marginally higher than the $32.109 billion reported last week.

Analyzing the Depreciation
The recent plummet in the exchange rate can be attributed to a combination of rising demand for dollars, a strengthening U.S. dollar, and increasing inflation rates.

Moreover, the noticeable decrease in forex turnover has also played a significant role in the currency’s decline.

Central Bank Governor, Yemi Cardoso, stated that the volatility in exchange rates is expected to continue due to market forces suggesting that there will be “ups and downs” with rates.

This unstable forex landscape poses significant challenges for Nigeria’s economic stability, impacting both imports and inflation rates.